You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections , which parallel the experimental process. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly.
An appendix is an each appendix should be identified by a roman numeral in sequence, e. Make sure to although you might occasionally include in this section tables and figures which help explain something you are discussing, they must not contain new data (from your study) that should have been presented earlier Buy now Writing a discussion paper University
The experimental design and procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up. Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Limit the use of the word significant to this purpose only.
In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of behavior Writing a discussion paper University Buy now
However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points i. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied. Location data must be as precise as possible grover nature preserve, mi sw grover, maine rather than grover nature preserve or grover. Limit the use of the word significant to this purpose only.
If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data Buy Writing a discussion paper University at a discount
Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have. If you are using a (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new techniquemethod versus the previously used methods (plant, animal, human, etc. Establish the context of the work being reported. You should also indicate the used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0. Remember to use the throughout - the work being reported is done, and was performed in the past, not the future.
Location data must be as precise as possible grover nature preserve, mi sw grover, maine rather than grover nature preserve or grover Buy Online Writing a discussion paper University
Do not waste entire sentences restating your results if you need to remind the reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the result to the interpretation the slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to controls suggests that. Although usual style requirements (e. If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category (e. This is accomplished by discussing the relevant ) and summarizing our current understanding of the problem you are investigating of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated and, and approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal Buy Writing a discussion paper University Online at a discount
An appendix is an each appendix should be identified by a roman numeral in sequence, e. For example, a paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the gliders wings. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. Anatomy of an article the discussion section how does the article i read today change what i will recommend to my patients tomorrow. In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the methods.
The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the introduction the discussion should always explain how your study has moved the readers understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the introduction Writing a discussion paper University For Sale
Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings. This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each table or figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the results. Simple rules to follow related to tables and figures separately and in the sequence that you will refer to them from the text. The first table you refer to is table 1, the next table 2 and so forth.
Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied. Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections For Sale Writing a discussion paper University
The literature cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first authors last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a result for an interpretation, and make sure that you must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators. As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title Sale Writing a discussion paper University